Women create different kolam or muggulu or Rangoli designs in front of the doorstep in the early morning In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, kolam muggulu designs are called muggulu. Rangoli or kolam muggulu designs are drawn with dots like 5 dots, 6 dots and also drawn without dots also (freehand Rangoli)
In this activity, learners will make a rangoli/kolam pattern for use in the Diwali celebrations. They will first consider the purpose and characteristics of rangoli/kolam patterns. They will then create their own pattern using sand, adding colour and detail.
Throughout the subcontinent of India, women of all ages, castes, and professions, perform the traditional art of threshold painting. It is known as muggu in Andhra Pradesh; rangoli in Maharashtra and Gujarat; chowk purana in Uttar Pradesh; mandana in Rajasthan; alpana in Bengal; chita in Orissa; and kolam in Tamil Nadu. Although the styles of design and frequency with which it is painted vary from region to region, the symbolic meaning of this art form is the same: it links Hindu women to the goddess Lakshmi whom they invite to depart her heavenly abode and rest momentarily at their thresholds upon an intricate rice flour diagram. In this manner, the Goddess brings good fortune, enveloping the home in an auspicious sphere of protection.
Most kolams are colorful, like the massive and elaborate one above drawn by a young artist in Mumbai during Gudi Padwa, a festival that marks the traditional new year in North India. It welcomes the Chitra month and holds utmost prominence in a Maharashtrian household. It is celebrated with decorating the floor with rangoli designs, as shown above in this joyous community sharing. Rangoli, called kolam in South India, is one of the most popular forms of decorating the house on any auspicious Hindu festival. Since Gudi Padwa has no particular motif, the people celebrating it take artistic liberty, employing a variety of motifs in whichever combination they like. 2b1af7f3a8